UNDERSTANDING THE IMPORTANCE OF GEOMETRY IN ARCHITECTURE
GEOMETRY – Point, Circle, Triangle, Angle, Cube and so on are elements which can be described as vocabulary used to generate more complex architectural forms.
GEOMETRIZATION of architectural form rose from the desire to achieve an identity between conceived form and perceived form.
ARCHITECTURAL FORMS – Form in Architecture is not only related to space and its function; it also represents a meaning or a sign. It is also related to elements themselves; their arrangement and combination with each other, their relationship with each other (syntax); the meaning (semiotics) and its effect on people (pragmatics).
1. Space-defining element (related to use)
2. A sign (related to arrangement, significance and effect)
3. Structure (dependent on the laws of static structure and the strength of materials)
GENERATION OF ARCHITECTURAL FORM
There are 2 sets of elements:
The conceptual element (point, line, plane and volume)
The visual elements (shape, size, colour and texture)
CONCEPTUAL ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURAL FORM
Architectural forms and space can be narrowed down to 4 element types: points, lines, planes and volumes.
Architectural elements are generally three-dimensional volumes defined by vertex(points), edges(lines), segments(planes).
VISUAL ELEMENTS OF ARCHITECTURAL FORM
Three dimensional forms are seen differently from different angles and distances, under different lighting conditions and in different colour and texture. Elements to be independent of such variable situations: Shape, Texture, Light, Colour, Size & Scale.
To design a Pyramidal Glass Restaurant & Bar
The company’s logo emphasised a pyramidal shape, which they wanted translated into their space. Being a F&B project, with the bar as one of the key functions of the space, the pyramidal form was proposed to house the bar. This was further reinforced by the generation of a number of triangles on the faces of the pyramid.
The design process was inspired by geometry of the generation of architectural forms. (see intro)
The conceptual element chosen for this project was the PYRAMID – a geometric solid having a triangular, square or polygonal base and triangular sides which meet at a point.
The visual element chosen for this project was the TRIANGLE – another important shape in both geometry and architecture. All the regular polygons, prisms, pyramids and solids are dependent on the appropriate triangle (for eg: isosceles triangle, scalene triangle and equilateral triangle)
The triangle as an aesthetic and structural element is interesting as it has an adaptive nature, allowing for complex structures to be embedded within the simple triangular form. The pieces are both minimal and complex at the same time.
All four faces of the pyramid are divided into 16 triangles, with each of the 16 triangles having a patterned panel.
Using the principles of design – Hierarchy, Proportion, Similarities, Balance and Emphasis – the architectural from has been created. The form of the building is determined by triangles and a pyramid. The monumental appearance of the bar with glazing and back-lit brass metal plates as the facia of the pyramid compliments the scale of the pyramid and emphasises it.
In this example, the interpretation of triangle geometry and triangulation within architectural design provokes the senses and the experience.
90-degree angles create spaces;
other angles create experiences.
- AR. FAIZAN KAZI
Read about the geometrization of architectural form – circle & sphere here.
in collaboration with
Founder & Chief – Design Management